This World Poetry Day (21 March), we are inviting you to join a month long social media salute to poetry from across Europe. From the Romantics to War poetry and from Burns to Punk, discover, share and interact with selected poems in Europeana Collections.
UNESCO World Poetry Day celebrates our shared human experience, the continued relevance of poetry as an art form and the power of the oral tradition. Over the coming weeks, you will have the chance to:
- Experience poems in new ways – from YouTube recitals to Punk band covers
- Listen to and share poetry ‘playlists’ with recordings found on Europeana SoundCloud
- Join the #WW1 Poetry Transcribathon to transcribe, tag and annotate handwritten poems by soldiers and nurses from the First World War
- Share your favourite quotes from and about poems with the hashtag #AllezLiterature
Throughout the month, libraries across Europe will select and share poems in their original languages.
In fact, the season kicks off with the iconic Soči by one of Slovenia’s best loved poets Simon Gregorčič. You are invited to experience the poem in two very different ways – by exploring the text online and through a school boy’s YouTube recital.
Gregorčič was a priest and social campaigner as well as a poet and Soči which relates the journey of the River Soca from the mountains to the plains of Trieste became a Slovenian rally cry during the First World War.
Join us in this #AllezLiterature poetry season and discover even more poems from regions and cultures all across Europe.
In this week’s Art Nouveau season guest post, Júlia Katona, Head of Collection at Budapest’s Schola Graphidis Art Collection, highlights the importance of graphic arts within Art Nouveau and describes how Hungarian artists were inspired by native folk culture.
The Schola Graphidis Art Collection is the museum collection of Hungary’s oldest national art education institution, founded in 1778, and its successors. It conserves, collects, studies and presents all the fine arts, applied arts and technical collections associated with these historic schools.
After the cavalcade of historical styles seen in art during the second half of the 19th century, Art Nouveau brought something extraordinarily new. Its leading artists, architects and designers broke from tradition and sought fresh inspiration in the inexhaustible forms of nature. Art Nouveau quickly reached an international audience through the publication of periodicals. In particular, graphic artists showcased their work in albums of high-quality chromolithographs. These albums demonstrated how floral and animal forms could be applied to the decorative arts.
The best-known of these publications were executed by the Swiss-born decorative artist Eugène Samuel Grasset (1845-1917) and his pupils, and by one of Grasset’s disciples, Maurice Pillard Verneuil (1869-1942). These albums were studied not only in Europe’s fine art and architecture colleges, but also in industrial drawing schools across the continent. Their influence extended across Europe’s major cities, including Vienna and Budapest (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire). This explains why the Schola Graphidis Art Collection, the modern successor of the Budapest Metropolitan Industrial Drawing School (1886–1945), has such a remarkable collection of 19th-century pattern books and ornamental prints.
Art Nouveau artists in central Europe looked to native folk traditions to express their distinctive national cultures in new ways. In Hungary, many artists and art teachers collected and published motifs from Hungarian folk art. One of them was the professor and director of the Hungarian Royal School of Applied Arts, István Gróh. In 1904, Gróh published a series of prints made using the technique of chromolithography entitled Hungarian Ornamental Motifs (Magyar stilusú rajzminták). This album contained ornamental motifs drawn from 17th–19th century folk objects, including furniture designs, textiles, carved gates, ceramics, mirror frames, leather works, stoves and painted ceilings of village churches.
In parallel, the publication presented new Art Nouveau motifs influenced by Hungarian folk art, by the pupils of István Gróh, like Ödön Faragó, Pál Horti, Aladár Buday, Aladár Stiasny, Lajos Pátzay and Lajos Protivinszky. Both the drawings after the original folk objects, and the new designs, display typical features of Art Nouveau: the proliferation of curving lines, the dominance of floral ornaments, and the gracefulness of undulating lines.
In the everyday practice of Hungarian art education, western European ornamental prints (typically from France, Germany and England) were used alongside Hungarian publications. This is why the Schola Graphidis Art Collection contains western European pattern books and locally published works from the 19th century and the turn of the century. Its reference library specialised in educational books on the industrial arts which form part of the rare book collection today. Plaster casts from the 19th century, as well as antique bookbinding and furniture making tools, are also unique parts of the collection. To discover more about the collection and activities of the Schola Graphidis Art Collection, visit its website.
This week’s guest post for our Art Nouveau season comes from Lukáš Štepanovský of the Slovak National Gallery in Bratislava.
The regional variations of Art Nouveau, known as Sezession in Slovak, around Europe were marked and diverse. At that time, the territory of today’s Slovakia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Despite being a crossroads of cultures in a geographical sense, Austria-Hungary had a very provincial political status and an underdeveloped art school tradition. Europe’s principal art academies were situated in cities like Prague, Munich and Paris, and many talented Slovak artists chose to stay on after their studies, such as Viktor Oskar Tilgner in Vienna and Alojz Stróbl in Budapest.
The Slovak towns Pressburg (today’s Bratislava), Komárno, Detva and Košice represented regional artistic hubs, centred around private art schools like the Karol Harmos school in Komárno, and artistic groups like the Pressburger Kunstverein, which brought European influences to the local art scene. The wider adoption of Art Nouveau, however, was hindered by the conservative tastes of the Slovak public, who preferred more traditional 19th century styles.
Art Nouveau in Slovak art was characterised by subtle stylistic elements taken from Impressionism, Symbolism and Luminism. Beyond its influence on colour and tone, light was often used as a decorative and thematic element in itself, creating less representational and more mystical works. The contemporary fascination with Theosophy resulted in many artworks containing melancholic figures lost in thought, focused on their inner world. Landscapes sometimes used unusual colour hues and strange weather effects to create peculiar, otherworldly atmospheres, as in Ladislav Mednyánszky’s Praying over the Grave from around 1895.
Mednyánszky (1852-1919) was one of the most important and prolific Slovak masters working at the turn of the century. He combined diverse European art influences with an interest in Eastern philosophy and a particular empathy for his subjects. Although an avid painter of native realist subjects, such as poverty and disease, Mednyánszky also sought to convey the inner worlds of his characters.
Martin Benka (1888-1971), called “the alchemist of Slovak beauty” by his contemporaries, was the founder of a nationally oriented school of painting. Before becoming a well-known figure on the Slovak art scene, Benka studied under the Czech artist Alois Kalvoda and inherited some of his teacher’s inclination towards Art Nouveau and Impressionist styles. Benka’s atmospheric and unusually coloured early landscapes were complemented by scenes of Slovak folk interiors. In these almost cozy works we can see a hint of Art Nouveau arabesque and a “calligraphic” gesture, indicating a fascination with the folklore, which stayed with the artist well into his later endeavours.
Konštantín Kövári-Kačmarik (1882-1916) was a singular artist who diligently worked to advance Art Nouveau forward in Košice, before the city became an interwar centre of Slovak Modernism. His views of the city’s streets, corners and courtyards used light and colour as decorative elements. Kövári-Kačmarik’s art represents a bridge between Art Nouveau and Symbolism, and his work was crucial to the later development of Slovak Modernism.
Anton Jasusch (1882-1965) also worked in Košice and employed elements of Art Nouveau style in the period before the outbreak of the First World War. After being drafted into the army, injured on the eastern front and captured, Jasusch was cut off from the mainstream of European art trends. On returning home, Jasusch retreated into isolation and produced the series of large canvases which are today seen as his masterpieces. Channelling his war trauma into apocalyptic visions of swirling colour and world-crushing momentum, Jasusch elevated his gestural detail and vibrant hues above mere decoration. These intensely dynamic and almost Futurist compositions have no equivalent in Slovak art before or since.
Ask someone to name five artists and responses are likely to include famous European names such as Picasso, van Gogh, Monet, da Vinci — all male artists. Ask them to name five women artists, and the question poses more of a challenge.
Last year, in honour of Women’s History Month, the National Museum of Women in the Arts launched a social media campaign asking just that, addressing the gender imbalance in how art is presented, assuring great women artists a place of honour now and in the future.
To answer this question, we’ve selected artwork by five female artists to highlight a small selection of important and significant artists from across Europe and throughout history.
Anna Maria van Schurman was a 17th century German-born Dutch artist known for paintings and engravings. In 1636 she studied at Utrecht University, becoming the first female university student of Europe.
In addition to her visual art, Schurman was a poet and scholar and was proficient in 14 languages.
Danish artist Anna Ancher is regarded as one of the Denmark’s most important Impressionists. She was born in 1859 in Skagen, Denmark’s northernmost and remotest region, and studied drawing in Copenhagen and Paris. After marrying fellow artist Michael Ancher in 1880, Anna continued to paint the landscapes and people of Skagen, defying the convention that married women should devote themselves to household duties.
Rosalba Carriera, a Venetian Rococo painter who lived between 1673 and 1757, is known for her portraits. Initially painting miniatures for the lids of snuff-boxes, her work later evolved into portrait-painting, for which she pioneered the exclusive use of pastel. She went on to paint portraits of nobility and royalty across Europe.
Berthe Morisot was a Impressionist painter in 19th century France who portrayed a wide range of subjects, from landscapes and still lifes, to domestic scenes and portraits. Although married to the artist Edouard Manet, she chose to exhibit under her maiden name instead of using a pseudonym or her married name.
Artist Natalia Goncharova was a painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator and set designer. Born in Russia in 1881, she was a major artist of the Russia avant-garde movement in the early 1900s. As a designer she was notable for her set and costume creations for ballet and theatre, particularly in Paris where she moved in 1921 and lived until her death in 1962.
Today we have a special guest post from one of the world’s leading collections of glass, Düsseldorf’s Glasmuseum Hentrich. Dr. Dedo von Kerssenbrock-Krosigk introduces us to the innovative collector Gerda Koepff (1919–2006), whose bequest of Art Nouveau glass is an important part of the museum’s collection today.
Art Nouveau plays a particularly strong role within the collections of the Glasmuseum Hentrich, which forms part of the Museum Kunstpalast in Düsseldorf. The museum owes this speciality to the donation and bequest of two private collections of outstanding quality: the Helmut Hentrich collection (after which the museum itself is named) and the Gerda Koepff collection.
French art glass of the Art Nouveau period is a fascinating topic for collectors. From the late 1870s, an important change took place in the Paris sale rooms of François Eugène Rousseau (1827–1890), in the glass factories of Emile Gallé (1846–1904) and the Daum brothers in Nancy, and in many glass workshops throughout Lorraine and the Ile de France. Until then, glass had been used for practical objects, even if at times highly luxurious ones; now, it came to be seen as a splendid medium for artistic expression. While retaining some of its utilitarian function in the shape of vases, bowls and dishes, Art Nouveau glassware gradually became an art form in its own right.
Gerda Koepff, née Stoess (1919–2006), was born into a family of industrialists in Eberbach, near Heidelberg in south-western Germany. Her elder brother Harald Stoess was killed in action in World War II and she took his place in the family company. She became the company’s executive director from 1960 until 1975, and continued to oversee the firm successfully until her 80th birthday.
It seems that Gerda Koepff’s interest in art glass art of the Art Nouveau period was not a family inheritance. Her parents’ generation had grown up during the heyday of Art Nouveau and had witnessed its decline into mass-produced and unimaginative objects. In the 1960s, when Koepff began acquiring Art Nouveau glassware, progressive German households were typically furnished with modernist objects and decoration. Gerda Koepff thus started to build her collection against the zeitgeist.
Koepff developed an eye for quality decades before collecting Art Nouveau became popular – and expensive. Initially, she merely intended to decorate the living room of her new home. Soon, however, her interest became deeper and more refined as she began to perceive the differences in quality and execution. Koepff’s discernment is particularly apparent in her interest in Daum glass. As early as 1968, she found the prevailing contempt for this company’s products entirely unjustified, and she proved her point by purchasing several Daum masterpieces, which form a major part of her collection today.
The Koepff collection reflects the collector’s personal taste and eye. It does not have a rigid structure or principle, and while the focus is on French Art Nouveau, Gerda Koepff never aimed for completeness in an academic sense. It contains a range of artists and manufacturers, but above all, it is a personal selection of individual pieces. The vases, plates and bowls in her collection tell us about poetry, symbolism, a love of nature and the continuous expansion of the limits of glass. “At some point,” she said in an interview, “I had the feeling of having reached the end; the collection had a look. And that was where I wanted to stop.”
Learn more about the collection of the Glasmuseum Hentrich.
Guest post written by Anne-Lise Alleaume of Réseau Art Nouveau Network
What you call Art Nouveau depends on where you come from: it could be Jugendstil, Glasgow Style, Sezessionstil, Nieuwe Kunst, Stile Liberty, Modernisme, Ecole de Nancy or other names. Every European centre of Art Nouveau had its own name and character, influenced by local culture, history and materials.
When it emerged in the late 19th century, Art Nouveau was driven by a particular set of aesthetic ideals and an enthusiasm for modernity. It exploited the possibilities offered by new industrial technologies and materials, combining an aspiration to beauty with meticulous craftsmanship. The result was a wonderful concordance of architecture, furniture, and decoration.
The advent of the First World War hastened the decline of Art Nouveau, which became the target of strong criticism and general disinterest. Although many Art Nouveau masterpieces are recognised today, just as many remarkable examples remain unknown to the public and subject to scant protection.
For these reasons, a European network was established to protect and promote Art Nouveau heritage. In 1999, the Brussels-Capital Region took the initiative to identify and connect with iconic Art Nouveau cities (Barcelona, Nancy, Glasgow, Budapest, Helsinki, Ljubljana, Nancy, Palermo, Riga, Vienna) around a common programme of activities. Together these cities obtained funding from the European Commission for the foundation of a network.
Eighteen years later, the Réseau Art Nouveau Network (RANN) has become an association of more than twenty institutions representing cities or regions with significant Art Nouveau heritage. The Network also includes cities with less celebrated, but noteworthy, Art Nouveau character such as Terrassa, Darmstadt and Aveiro. In recent years, the Network has extended into towns in central Europe and the Balkans like Oradea, Subotica and Szeged.
Regardless of Network members’ diverse backgrounds, they share the conviction that the pooling of best practice and research at European level is essential to the effective preservation and promotion of our Art Nouveau heritage.
Thanks to the support of the European Commission, RANN has been able to develop collaborative research projects and to deliver many public events. Since 2001, a series of discrete projects has focussed on different aspects of Art Nouveau, such its socio-economic context and on the link between Art Nouveau and ecology.
The Network hosts conference events for professionals, educational activities for young people, bilateral exchanges of good practices between members and travelling exhibitions. Having been mounted in fourteen member cities, the exhibition The Nature of Art Nouveau is now on at the Darvas La Roche House in Oradea and the Palacio del Secundo Cabo in La Habana. Every year on 10 June, RANN organises Art Nouveau World Day which includes public activities like photo competitions. Currently, Network members are preparing a project dedicated to Art Nouveau interiors.
To learn more about the Réseau Art Nouveau Network and Art Nouveau news, subscribe to their newsletter or find out how to join, visit www.artnouveau-net.eu.
You can easily get lost among over 53 million cultural heritage objects we display in Europeana. That is why, in this series we hand-pick some of the additions to our Collections that should not be missed. Check what we have prepared for you this month!
As you probably know, for the next 3 months Art Nouveau took over Europeana Art and we will be featuring lots of interesting pieces in the upcoming weeks. In today’s post we would like to highlight High School of Visual Arts in Budapest with over 400 Art Nouveau prints. You will find among them a variety of content, like:
Hungarian Ornamental Motifs, Plate 68. Samples of Hungarian style drawing | Stephen Gróh, 1904.
Schola Graphidis Art Collection, Hungarian University Of Fine Arts – High School Of Visual Arts, Budapest
Hungary, CC BY-SA
Inv. Maclachlan, Stuttgart | Max Joseph Gradl, 1903.
Schola Graphidis Art Collection, Hungarian University Of Fine Arts – High School Of Visual Arts, Budapest
Hungary, CC BY-SA
Apple | Maurice Pillard Verneuilić, 1896.
Schola Graphidis Art Collection, Hungarian University Of Fine Arts – High School Of Visual Arts, Budapest
Hungary, CC BY-SA
Continuing with the content from La Belle Époque, let’s listen to some music! Biblioteca de Catalunya displays 60 cylinder recordings of Catalan songs and arias from the beginning of XX century. We picked 4 tracks that you can listen also on our Soundcloud:
Last but not least, we take a look at Hungarian art. The Rippl-Rónai Town Museum with County Rights in Kaposvár brough to Europeana over 1000 open pieces. Take a look and browse through! You can find there paintings and drawings from Hungarian artists like József Rippl-Rónai, Lajos Kunffy, Aurél Bernáth, Lajos Gulácsy, Mária Goszthony, János Vaszary or Ferenc Martyn.
Tangó | József Rippl-Rónai
Rippl-Rónai Town Museum with County Rights in Kaposvár,
Hungary, CC BY
Today we are happy to announce the launch of Art Nouveau season on Europeana Art, running from now until the end of May. During the season we’ll explore the depth and diversity of this influential art movement and enjoy beautiful Art Nouveau jewellery, posters and much more.
Rushes, 1896 (detail). Eugène Grasset. Schola Graphidis Art Collection. CC BY-SA
The season is led by a major new exhibition featuring almost fifty artworks from more than twenty museums, and showcasing famous masterpieces alongside lesser-known works. The exhibition presents an overview of Art Nouveau from its origins to its brilliant heyday across Europe as Jugendstil, Modernisme, Szecesszió, Stile Liberty, Skønvirke and more.
Book plate of W. Porter Truesdell, 1903 Alexandre de Riquer i Inglada. Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya. CC BY-NC-ND
Throughout the season we’ll be publishing a series of guest blogs, contributed specially by partner institutions, which focus on specific aspects of Art Nouveau. In these blogs, museum curators and collections managers will share fascinating stories about the people and the art that shaped Art Nouveau.
We’ve also created some beautiful new Pinterest boards for the season, on topics including Art Nouveau fashion, tiles, glassware and furniture, so there should be something for everyone to enjoy.
There are lots of ways that you can get involved too. Why not get creative with our Art Nouveau Colouring Book or have animated fun on Europeana’s GIPHY page? In March, we’ll be partnering with our friends at DailyArt to feature Art Nouveau works on their app and posting on the DailyArt blog. Follow all the action on Twitter and Facebook, and use the hashtag #ArtNouveauSeason to join in.
#ColorOurCollections is a week-long colouring fest on social media organized by libraries, archives, and other cultural institutions around the world. Using materials from their collections, these institutions are sharing free coloring content with the hashtag #ColorOurCollections and inviting their followers to color and get creative with their collections.
This year, we’ve turned to Art Nouveau for inspiration with 8 colourless paintings and posters waiting for your creative skills.
Our Art Nouveau colouring book is part of our upcoming Art Nouveau season on Europeana Art, which, over the next three months, will explore the brilliance and diversity of this popular style.
This month, we take a look at musical instruments of Africa. These are well represented on Europeana Music, thanks to the wide and varied records from Musical Instrument Museums Online (MIMO). This blog gives just a glimpse into some of the different types of instruments that can be found in Africa.Lamellaphones
This type of instrument consists of a board upon which strong but flexible keys (or lamellae) are mounted. These keys are plucked causing a twanging sound, rather like twanging a ruler held over the edge of a table.
There are so many varieties of lamellaphone: the lamellae can be made of cane, or various types of metal that have been hammered out. The lamellae can be tuned in different ways, or mounted to the board in different ways. The resonator can be a wooden box, or a hollowed-out gourd, or even a tortoise shell. The mbira dza vadzimu, from Zimbabwe shown here, is one of the most well-known lamellaphone. Other types are called the kalimba, ilimba, lulimba and lukembe.
Mbira: CC BY-NC-SA Musik & TeatermuseetArched harps
These beautiful instruments are called arched harps because of the shape of the string bearer – unlike the orchestral there isn’t a supporting pillar. The shape of the instrument can vary greatly, sometimes a simple boat shape, sometimes ornately carved and decorated, in the shape of an animal or a person. One type of arched harp is the ennanga from Uganda which you can see here. You can also hear the ennanga being played here on Europeana Collections.
Ennanga. CC BY-NC-SA: Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz – Ethnologisches Museum
Please take a moment to explore some of the other types of instruments on European Music – the koras, which have two sets of strings passing over a raised bridge, the many types of drums throughout the region, the lyres and, finally, the marimbas, balafons and xylophones.
A lost World War One memorial plaque – once owned by fireman Thomas McGarry who died in the sinking of the HMS Laurentic in 1917 – has been returned to his family decades later thanks to Europeana 1914-1918.
Thomas McGarry was a fireman on board the HMS Laurentic which sunk while travelling from Ireland to Canada when it struck two mines off the coast of Donegal on 25 January 1917. McGarry was among the 354 passengers and crew who died in the sinking of the ship.
Decades later, a bronze memorial plaque bearing Thomas McGarry’s name was dug up in a garden by Tom Murphy, an Irish champion pole-vaulter, in Limerick. Memorial plaques (also known as a Dead Man’s Penny or a Widow’s Penny) were issued to the next-of-kin of all service personnel who were killed in World War One.
In 2013, Killian Downing, Tom Murphy’s grandson, researched the plaque and shared the story on Europeana 1914-1918, our digital archive for World War One stories and items.
Thomas McGarry’s grandchildren – now based in Ireland, the UK and Australia – discovered the story. They contacted Killian, who was able to return the plaque to them last weekend, just days away from the centenary of the ship’s sinking. Thomas McGarry’s body was never recovered after the sinking, so the return of this plaque to his descendants is very meaningful and tangible for them.
Killian Downing says, “After having the pleasure of meeting this family, to return the memorial plaque of their grandfather, I really understood the importance of sharing and discovering archives and their stories online. The Europeana 1914-1918 project allowed me to do this, and I hope it continues!”
An exhibition dedicated to the Laurentic will be held at the Tower Museum in Derry on 25 January, to be accompanied by a series of local events and commemoration services held in both Donegal cemeteries. Items recovered from the shipwreck during many dives will be on public show during the exhibition.
We’re excited to announce a new way to explore cultural heritage in 3D on Europeana Collections using Sketchfab.
3D is a growing and exciting new way to discover cultural heritage online. Europeana Collections aims to continue to innovate to provide you with direct access to cultural heritage whenever possible. With some of our cultural heritage partners sharing 3D models on Sketchfab, we have begun to embed these directly on Europeana Collections.
One such provider is The Discovery Programme, who aim to explore Ireland’s past and cultural heritage by conducting advanced research in Irish archaeology and related disciplines as part of the 3D Icons project. Europeana Collections feature their 3D models of iconic and internationally important monuments and buildings in Ireland, including those below: the island monastery of Skellig Michael and the passage tomb Newgrange.
With a community of over half a million creators contributing over a million scenes, Sketchfab is the world’s largest platform to publish, share and discover 3D content online and in VR. Sketchfab partner with more than 500 museums and cultural institutions worldwide, supporting museums and cultural institutions with free accounts and access to tools.
New year means new additions to Europeana.eu! In this blog series, we hand pick some intriguing cultural heritage materials for you. This time we focus on libraries’ collections from the Balkan area. Dive in!
First, National Library of Serbia brings you a great collection of materials that can be used non-commercially, under the Creative Commons License Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC). You can find there:
Belgrade: Sunset on the Sava. National Library of Serbia. CC BY-NC
- over 170 vintage photographs, including many portraits and family shots
Ljubica Stojanovic, Koste Stojanovića wife with her mother.
Photographed by Milan Jovanović. National Library of Serbia. CC BY-NC
The head of the Nis hospital medic by Ljubomir Ivanović.
National Library of Serbia. CC BY-NC
Mara has black eyes/The Enchanted Eyes of Mara.
National Library of Serbia. CC BY-NC
More of materials avialable for non-commercial reuse (under CC BY-NC-ND license) come from the Macedonia. National and University Library St. Kliment Ohridski displays through europeana.eu a collection of almost 200 contemporary artworks from 60’s up to early 90’s.
Finally, we have for you another great map collection! This time from Nationaal Archief in the Hague with over 10 000 vintage Dutch wallmaps and maps of polders. There are over 10,000 maps there and all are in public domain, so pick one and be creative!
Map of Vijfheerenlanden and neighboring countries. Nationaal Archief, Den Haag. Public Domain
by Maggy Szynkielewska, Content and Exhibition Coordinator at Europeana
By navigating through the above feature, you now have an easy and single access point to the material the Europeana Sounds consortium shared with you during the last two years and a half!
Whether you are interested in non Western classical music, spoken word performance recordings or sound effect recordings, come and browse to find the hidden gems of our large collections. Enjoy!
by Axelle Bergeret-Cassagne, National Library of France
Today is #MuseumSelfie day, where museum-goers are encouraged to have fun by taking selfies in museums.
But museums have been home to another kind of selfie for many years: the self-portrait.
We’ve selected seven self-portrait paintings to get a sense of the ways in which artists have portrayed themselves through time.
From Albrecht Dürer, an artist aware of his public image and reputation, to Paula Modersohn-Becker, the first female artist to paint a nude self-portrait, these artists show thoughts and feelings about themselves, their art and the societies in which they live and work.
Europeana Radio gives you an easy access to Europe’s sound treasures, where you are free to browse, listen and tag.
Almost 200,000 tracks collected from sound archives across 12 European countries are now available on Europeana Radio. You can browse a wide range of sound recordings (Classical, Folk, Traditional and Popular music, Languages and dialects, Spoken-word, Soundscapes and Natural recordings), play them on random mode, and tag the musical genres recognised. The tagging feature means that all users can become archivists by tagging the musical genres of the recordings whilst listening to them. Give it a try! Here’s how:
On Thursday 12th January our #TagDayThursday initiative is starting. Join us, listen to Europeana Radio, discover and tag music. Share your discoveries and connect with us on social media using hashtag #TagDayThursday.
In Europeana, you can find over 53 million of artworks, artefacts, books, videos and sounds from across Europe and we are adding new ones every day. Curious about our latest additions? In this blog series, we hand pick some interesting collections which definitely deserve your attention. Explore and enjoy!
Our newest star is a beautiful set of over 6000 openly licensed items (CC0 and CC BY) from Museum Für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg. In that set you can find things like:
Wandteppich “Melkeveien” (Die Milchstraße), Museum Für Kunst Und Gewerbe Hamburg, CC0
Acht Personen beim Weintrinken, Museum Für Kunst Und Gewerbe Hamburg, CC0
Schleedorn, Museum Für Kunst Und Gewerbe Hamburg, CC0
Drei japanische Frauen vor Kirschbaum, Museum Für Kunst Und Gewerbe Hamburg, CC0
Turner am Barren, Museum Für Kunst Und Gewerbe Hamburg, CC0
Amazing early 20th century photographs taken by Arnold Genthe (portraying celebrities and San Francisco’s Chinatown) and Johann Hinrich W. Hamann (architecture and mesmerising portraits)
An Afternoon Siesta, Chinatown, San Francisco, Museum Für Kunst Und Gewerbe Hamburg, CC0
Kartenspieler “Die Harmlosen” an Deck eines englischen Dampfers, Museum Für Kunst Und Gewerbe Hamburg, CC0
Stockholms innerstad, Riksantikvarieämbetet, CC BY
The Music Collections of this month is focused on anthropology and its links with sounds and music studies, in France and in the world.
Ethnomusicologists seek to understand what is music and its purpose. In order to study the cultural and social aspects of musicians, they need to collect field recordings. In this Music Collections, you can explore the work of ethnomusicologists through four of the CNRS’ sound collections.
Two collections are provided by the MMSH sound archive center, which holds pluridisciplinary field recordings collections focused on the Mediterranean area:
A collection of Songs from South of France sung in a variety of languages: Occitan, French, Italian and Italian dialects.
And a selection of Songs from South of Sahara in Arabic, Tamahaq and Tamasheq.
MMSH sound archives centre also offers to browse violinmakers storytellings who show the technical gestures to build a violin, a cello, a bridge or a bow and how was the violinmakers life at the beginning of the 20th century until today.
Soundscapes are also essential to understand the links between different spaces and how the sound environment is perceived and produced. The CRESSON collection exposes this pluridisciplinary approach and focuses on the sound dimension from the scale of architectural device, housing, district, to the scale of sound identity of cities. Listen to the extract ”Ambiance port de Lesconil” .
The Phonobase collection will also be on Europeana, and will offer you a trip in the past. www.phonobase.org gathers 10 000 sound excerpts and photos taken from early cylinders and records produced from 1888 to 1920 approximately, and distributed in France and Europe. As a reliable witness, these sources provide a new lighting on the Belle Époque and the soundscape of our ancestors.
This month’s Collection will give you access to the audio archives of the CNRS – Musée de l’Homme, which are dedicated to the ethnomusicology: you will find field recordings of music and oral traditions from all around the world, from 1900 to present.
The CNRS will provide recordings collected during the Mission Ogooue Congo from July to December 1946, with special records of Pygmy music. After that mission in Central Africa, Gilbert Rouget, a French ethnomusicologist, came back with an exceptional collection of 600 field recordings on lacquer disc.
Find out more on: music.europeana.eu
2016 is nearly at an end, but before we say farewell, let’s look at what you’ve been searching for this year in Europeana Collections.
Since January, we’ve seen millions of searches in Europeana Collections from all over the world. There are now more than 54 million artworks, objects, books, sounds and videos to be found, from one of more than 3,500 European cultural institutions.
So this year, what were you all looking for? Here, we’ve compiled your top 20 searches from 2016.
The enduring appeal of Art Nouveau ensures it reaches top spot in our 2016 searches. And, as Art Nouveau continues to be popular, we’ll be launching an Art Nouveau season on Europeana Art next year.
2 – William Morris
English textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist, William Morris’ work spanned many genres which can be found on Europeana Collections.
3 – Paris
Paris, a city of beauty, art and culture, has featured in our top 20 for the fourth year in a row.
4 – Dermatoglyphics
5 – Botticelli
6 – Hokusai
7 – Europeana 280
8 – Trachyspermum copticum
9 – Edvard Munch
10 – Cat
11 – Alphonse Mucha
12 – Leonardo Da Vinci
13 – Cupid
14 – Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
15 – Vojtěch Preissig
16 – Stained glass
17 – Picasso
18 – Genazzano
19 – Tretyakow Gallery
20 – Richard Wagner
We would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who has visited Europeana this year and we wish you happy searching in 2017 – we look forward to seeing who and what makes our top 20 list next year.